Archives of Archaeology
Ancient technologies, like phones mounted to the wall or floppy discs, are often important steps in the advancement of knowledge and understanding. They can, though briefly, be the height of popularity and transform the way we go about our life. Microcards were none of these things, though it might have been. Intended to make it easier (especially for libraries) to store large amounts of information, the microcard was invented in the mid-1940s and reached peak use within the next 15 years. Soon, microcards were eclipsed by microfiche and eventually, digitization and the Internet.
The Society for American Archaeologists took a chance on the short lived technology and published 39 volumes of the Archives of Archaeology on microcard. This publication, made up of 29 archaelogical reports, has been long neglected since so few people have ever heard of microcard, let alone have access to a reader. With the hard work of Professor Joe Tiffany at the UW-La Crosse as well as libarians Anita Evans and Bill Doering at the UW-La Crosse Murphy, the publication is now fully searchable and online. The series was edited by the late David A. Baerreis, Professor of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Through the digitization of Archives of Archaeology, scholars can now easily learn about tools, housing, trade goods and more of the peoples of such diverse geographic locations as Iowa, California, Mexico and Belize (then known as British Honduras).
Badger Trailblazer at the Olympics
The Big Ten is no stranger to Olympic success. One of the greatest Olympians of all time, Jesse Owens, the "Buckeye Bullet" competed for Ohio State and broke three world records and tied a fourth at the Big Ten outdoor track championships in 1935. Owens, of course, went on to compete in the 1936 Berlin Olympics, winning four gold medals and securing his name in Olympics history.
Less well known, but remarkably important is George Poage, former track star at the University of Wisconsin, first African American to run for the Badgers, first African American Big Ten conference champion (in two events, the 440-yard dash and the 220-yard hurdles), and the first African American athlete to medal in the Olympics.
The 1904 Olympics were held in St. Louis in conjunction with the World's Fair and UW athletes performed strongly for team USA. Emil Breitkreutz took home a bronze in the 800 meters, Frank Waller took home two silver medals in the the men's 400 meters and the 400 meter hurdles, but it was George Poage who etched his name into the history books, winning his two bronze medals in the 220-yard and 440-yard hurdles.
Despite his great success in the 1904 Olympics, George Poage faced tremendous challenges as an African American at the turn of the 20th century. After graduating from the University of Wisconsin, Poage taught English and coached sports teams in St. Louis, farmed in Minnesota and then moved to Chicago where he worked for the postal service for 30 years. In 1998, George Poage was elected to the Wisconsin Athletic Hall of Fame.
Learn more about George Poage at the UW Badgers Offical Site and the UW-Madison Collection.
New Nash Collection
The UW Digital Collections is no stranger to primate images. A fan and staff favorite, PrimateImages: Natural History Collection has over 2,000 images of various primates, in captivity and in the wild, showing behaviors, expressions, and more. Our newest collection shows primates and their behaviors through illustrations and in art, reflecting scientific study (and imagination) as well as popular culture. The Nash Collection of Primates in Art and Illustrations has examples dating to 1250 BC to more modern illustrations from the 20th century. The Nash Collection is a collaboration between Stephen Nash, Scientific Illustrator and Adjunct Associate Professor at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, who compiled images for the collection, and staff of the Lawrence Jacobsen Library at the Wisconsin National Primate Research Center, University of Wisconsin, who added descriptions and metadata for each image.
Enjoy the new additions, but be careful when you start browsing this collection, you might find it very hard to stop.
June is National Dairy Month
As June Dairy Month Goes, So Goes the Nation.
The first June Dairy Month in Wisconsin was celebrated back in 1939. Modeled after National Milk Month, Dairy Month was intended to showcase the national dairy industry, always important to Wisconsin, in the face of drastic milk surpluses and plummeting milk prices. Early June Dairy Months included grocery displays, newspaper advertisements, and radio "milk talks" spots (donated by stations like WTMJ and WISN). In 1944, the concerns of the dairy industry had changed dramatically. June Dairy Month during the war years promoted dairy and the dairyman as "vital to victory" and worked to "portray the supreme effort being put into winning the ward by they dairy industry."
By 1950, June Dairy Month was promoting June as the month in which "when Nature's bounty is most abundant and our dairy herds achieve their greatest and best production" and science was used to back up health claims. Students experimented with white rats and milk to show the healthful qualities of milk. The experiments were supported and and sponsored by the Dairy Council.
New Glarus and Green County Local History
Here is a wonderful new addition to our collections. This collection of New Glarus and Green Country Local History was made possible by the 2011 Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) grant.
In 1845 emigrants from the canton of Glarus in Switzerland, leaving their homeland because of dire economic conditions, established a colony in southern Wisconsin and named it New Glarus. Over the following years, more Swiss from various cantons settled in New Glarus and other areas of Green County. Throughout its history, the community has nurtured its Swiss cultural heritage. Today, the people of New Glarus maintain a high level of interest in the village’s origins, history, and family lineages, and continue to honor its heritage through festivals, historical museums, and the preservation of buildings, historical artifacts, and genealogical information.
This collection focuses primarily on the first 100 years of New Glarus’s history. It includes narratives about the settlement and early history of the village, family records from the first church in New Glarus, tax rolls of the Town of New Glarus, old maps and plat books of Green County, the first yearbook of the New Glarus High School, and photographs of individuals and families, school groups, community organizations, events, street scenes, businesses, and agriculture. The New Glarus Public Library, the New Glarus Historical Society, and the Swiss United Church of Christ of New Glarus have collaborated to make available to the public these selected materials documenting the history of New Glarus and the surrounding area.
This collection and many more can be found on our website as part of our State of Wisconsin Collection.
Grassroots Feminist Political Posters in India
Welcome to Olakh and the University of Wisconsin’s digital archive of grassroots feminist posters from India. This is a brand new addition to our Gender and Women's Studies Collection.
India has been home to a vibrant women’s movement (or rather women’s movements) with a global influence. Historically, grassroots women’s organizations -- initiated and sustained by farmers, students, workers and housewives alike -- have been the backbone of the women’s movement. These groups have had a vast repertoire of communication strategies for creating awareness, mobilizing support, and protesting against injustice. However, posters have been one of the most widely and effectively used communication media.
The poster collection represented in this archive is physically located in the offices of the feminist organization, Olakh (meaning Identity) in India. Members of Olakh have designed and produced some of these posters. Many others they have collected from different women’s groups and feminist organizations from all over India. These posters are not simply beautiful pieces of material culture created by individual artists. Most of the posters are the outcome of a collective political process in which community members, activists, students, and/or survivors brainstorm together to translate a deep social concern into words and images.
Even though posters have been widely produced and used in the women’s movement, few organizations have preserved or documented them systematically. When posters are lost to decay or simply gather dust in storerooms or cupboards of individual organizations, they are lost to future generations who wish to engage with the material aspects of historic moments characterized by struggle and social change. Olakh has done a commendable work in collecting and preserving these posters over three decades and University of Wisconsin-Madison extends this work further by supporting preservation, cataloging and wider sharing of this rich historical material.
This brand new collection can be found in the Gender and Women's Studies Collection. We hope you take the time to look at these beautiful posters that represent a unique part of India's history.
Images of Wat Tham Krabok Refugee Camp
The Wat Tham Krabok refugee camp, located on the grounds of a similarly named Buddhist monastery, “Cave of the Teaching Monastery”, about 81 miles north of Bangkok, the Thai capital, was the last Hmong refugee camp in Thailand. Beginning in 2004, almost 30 years after the end of the Vietnam War and companion “Secret War” in Laos, the Hmong’s former home, the camp was closed, with approximately 15,000 Hmong people to be resettled in the U.S., especially in California, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.
Our newest addition to the Southeast Asian Images and Texts collection is Images of Wat Tham Krabok Refugee Camp which consists of 200 images primarily taken by Pao Lor as a member of a Fulbright-Hays Group Study Abroad delegation of Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI) educators who visited the camp in July 2004 when he was an assistant principal and language arts teacher at Neenah High School in Neenah. Later, as an assistant professor of education at the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, he took a few additional images at the former camp site when leading a group of University study abroad students in January 2009. At that time, all that remained of the camp were a few people and houses.
On the DPI group’s two-day visit in 2004, they met with Hmong camp leaders and other individuals, Thai Task Force 546, who administered the camp, and school teachers, for example. The latter were from the camp’s school and a Thai school, Ban Tharn Thong Daeng School, attended by some of the Hmong children outside the camp. Pao Lor’s photographs present a representational overview of life as it was in the camp, showing living and working conditions, schooling, some traditional Hmong shaman ceremonies, aspects of refugee processing, and more. His purpose was two-fold: “To capture an important segment of Hmong history, and to advance understanding of the Hmong experience at Wat Tham Krabok.”
If you found this collection interesting, be sure to check out the Southeast Asian Images and Texts for more collections like this one.