The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution

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The signing of the U.S. Constitution on 17 September 1787 was a milestone in creating a government for the recently independent United States. However, the act of signing itself did not create a government. Nor did it bring the new Constitution into force. The closing of the Constitutional Convention was the beginning of a long public debate during which citizens, represented in state ratifying conventions, read, debated, and ultimately voted to ratify the Constitution. The process of ratification produced an invaluable record of debates and commentaries that reveal how eighteenth-century Americans understood the Constitution and how they assessed its strengths and weaknesses.

Beginning with the publication of the first volume of The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution (DHRC) in 1976, editors have been publishing the definitive collection of primary source material related to the ratification debates. Editors draw on a body of more than 70,000 documents, including official materials, such as records of town meetings, legislative proceedings, convention journals and debates, and forms of ratification; personal papers, such as letters, memoirs, and diaries; diplomatic correspondence; and printed primary sources, such as newspaper articles, broadsides, and pamphlets. These documents have been transcribed, annotated, and published in twenty-nine volumes (to date) totaling more than 15,000 printed pages.

DHRC volumes have been used extensively by historians and political scientists, cited by the Supreme Court of the United States and other federal courts, and increasingly adapted for use in classrooms at all educational levels. The volumes are essential reading for anyone wanting to understand the Constitution in historical context.

The Center for the Study of the American Constitution, in partnership with UW Digital Collections, is proud to make the entire DHRC series, including supplemental documents, available free of charge in an online edition. Currently, twenty-six of the projected thirty-one volumes are available on this page. New volumes will be added two years following print publication. A subsequent six-volume series on the drafting and ratification of the Bill of Rights will follow.

Critical acclaim for The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution:

“A reference work’s reference work.”–Journal of American History
“Each new volume now fills another vital part of a heroic mosaic of national history.”–American Bar Association Journal
“This record is not only a national treasure, it is a world treasure.”–The New Republic


The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution is supported principally by grants from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, the Nelson Cromwell Foundation, and the Hamilton Roddis Foundation.